Patterns
 Increasing quantum number n
 Shells remain similar in shape
 Extra levels of orbitals are added on

n=1 
n=2 
n=3 
n=4 
n=5 
l=0, m=0 





l=1, m=0 




l=1, m=1 




 Increasing quantum number l
 Two extra orbitals of equal or lower density are added on which are the same size as the outer orbital
 The density of the new orbitals relative to the previous ones depends on n and m
 One level of higher density orbitals, which are found closer to the centre, disappear

l=1 
l=2 
l=3 
l=4 
n=5, m=1 Top View 




n=5, m=1 Side View 




n=4, m=0 Top View 




n=4, m=0 Side View 



 Increasing quantum number m
 Layers of orbitals remain the same. For example, if there is one inner orbital and one outer orbital, that remains invariant of m
 The outer orbitals approach the same size
 Number of orbitals which are the same size as the largest orbital decrease by two every time m is increased.
 This is a common trend, but is not always true as can be seen between m=(0,1)
 m=0 
m=1 
m=2 
m=3 
m=4 
n=5, l=4 





n=4, l=3 



